Rare Earth Elements, REE Facts, ProEdge Media Corp., InvestorIntel
Ytterbium, Heavy Rare Earth Elements, HREE, REE Facts, ProEdge Media Corp., InvestorIntel
REE Facts | HREE Facts | LREE Facts | Rare Metal Resource
LREE : 57 Lanthanum | 58 Cerium | 59 Praseodymium | 60 Neodymium | 61 Promethium | 62 Samarium | 63 Europium | 64 Gadolinium
HREE : 65 Terbium | 66 Dysprosium | 67 Holmium | 68 Erbium | 69 Thulium | 70 Ytterbium | 71 Lutetium | 39 Yttrium
Ytterbium, Heavy Rare Earth Elements, HREE, REE Facts, ProEdge Media Corp., InvestorIntel
The "Paired" Heavy Rare Earth Element Ytterbium
Tracy Weslosky, Editor, InvestorIntel
Source: REE Handbook

Dysprosium, REE Collection, ProEdge Media Corp. What do you get when you pair the characteristics of yttrium and erbium? Ytterbium, of course. It's the only heavy rare earth element (HREE) with a name derived by combing the names of two other HREEs. Yttrium and erbium were both named for the small village and mine location in Sweden where Ytterby, the original rare-earth yttrium-bearing mineral was discovered. With six paired electrons ytterbium has the ability to penetrate thick steel, to destroy cancer cells and strengthen turbine blades.

An interesting fact is that a ytterbium clock based on optical frequencies can keep time for about 100 million years to within one second. This is comparable to the civilian time standard in the US which is based on the NIST-F1cesium fountain clock. Ytterbium lasers are also used to drill into diamonds to remove imperfections. Ytterbium fiber lasers are used in ablation, micromachining, texturing and marking vehicle part identification numbers and medical products. Ytterbium metal is used in stress instrumentation to monitor deformations caused by earthquakes.

Discovered in 1878 by Swiss chemist Jean-Charles Galissard Marignac, ytterbium is a bright and silvery metal that is stable in the air. It reacts slowly in water and is soft, ductile and malleable. The oxide variant of ytterbium is called ytterbia which is a white powder and has a melting point of 2,355 °C, a boiling point of 4,070 °C. Sources of ytterbium can be found worldwide in a variety of ore minerals and deposits including xenotime, eudialyte-(Y), and ion adsorption ores.

At the Melovie deposit in Kazakhstan, argillaceous marine sediments rich in fossil fish remains have been previously recovered for their uranium and rare-earth content, including ytterbium. The primary source of the world's ytterbium is the ion-adsorption lateritic clays found in China. These ores are mined in the southern provinces of China, primarily Fujian, Guangdong, and Jiangxi, with a lesser number of deposits in Guangxi and Hunan. These deposits are mined by leaching methods (Hedrick, 2010). Ytterbium has also been mined in Russia from loparite and from monazite in Lemhi Pass, Idaho-Montana, USA. In Kyrgyzstan, ytterbium has been mined from synchysite-(Y) concentrate.

For more information on the heavy rare earth element Ytterbium, visit www.REEHandbook.com – the ultimate source for information on rare earth elements.

Ytterbium, Heavy Rare Earth Elements, HREE, REE Facts, ProEdge Media Corp., InvestorIntel
InvestorIntel, Investors Intelligence REE Stocks Company Limited, REE Leaders Index REEHandbook, REE Elements
Ytterbium, Heavy Rare Earth Elements, HREE, REE Facts, ProEdge Media Corp., InvestorIntel
Featured Images
Ytterbium, Heavy Rare Earth Elements, HREE, REE Facts, ProEdge Media Corp., InvestorIntel
 
Ytterbium, Heavy Rare Earth Elements, HREE, REE Facts, ProEdge Media Corp., InvestorIntel
 
Ytterbium, Heavy Rare Earth Elements, HREE, REE Facts, ProEdge Media Corp., InvestorIntel
 
Ytterbium, Heavy Rare Earth Elements, HREE, REE Facts, ProEdge Media Corp., InvestorIntel